Diabetes is a metabolic disorder which interferes with body’s ability to use and store sugar. It usually affects adults in their late forties or fifties. However, these days owing to lifestyle changes even young people can get diabetes. The classic symptoms of diabetes are increased thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, tiredness or blurred vision.
Uncontrolled diabetes can affect eyes, nerves and kidneys. Individuals with diabetes are more likely to develop cataracts at a younger age and are twice as likely to develop glaucoma as are non-diabetics. However, the primary vision problem caused by diabetes is Diabetic Retinopathy which damages the blood vessels of the retina.In uncontrolled diabetes, high sugar in the blood can damage blood vessels of the eye. As damage progresses, they begin to leak which results in accumulation of the fluid in the central part of the retina. This deterioration of the blood vessels causes hindrance in supply of oxygen and nutrients needed by retina to stay healthy.
Warning Symptoms: Blurred, double, or distorted vision or difficulty reading.Floaters or spots in your vision. Partial or total loss of vision or a shadow or veil across your field of vision. Pain, pressure, or constant redness of the eye. All diabetics are at risk of getting Diabetic Retinopathy. The risk multiplies the longer a person lives with diabetes.It has been observed that about 80% of long standing diabetics (15 years or more of diabetes) have some damage in the blood vessels of retina. Diabetic retinopathy can occur at a young age in juvenile diabetics.
“Diabetic retinopathy is a silent vision stealer. In early stage, there is hardly any symptom. Hence, a diabetic must strictly get his eye exam done every year. If detected early, vision loss can be prevented. But, once the damage is done, the effects are irreversible.” The ophthalmologist will do a comprehensive eye investigation to detect Diabetic Retinopathy. The eye exam includes visual acuity tests, eye pressure measurements and direct visualization of the retina with an ophthalmoscope. Sometimes the ophthalmologist may require more extensive imaging with technology like Fundus Fluorescein Angiography (FFA) and Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) to capture the details of the damage caused by abnormal blood vessels & assess the severity of the condition.
We at TEJ eye Center have a dedicated unit for Diabetic Retinopathy screening and treatment. The spectrum of care is from dilated fundus examination of all diabetic patients for screening to Investigate in the depth with help of OCT and FFA. Management with the help of educational videos and 3D animation. And aggressive treatment in form of Lasers, intravitreal anti -VEGF Injections and Vitrectomy.”CARE FOR YOUR EYES”